Despite an ire against Amputation among the commoners, many humans of different age groups undergo the surgery to fix physiological problems that hinder their physical abilities. Amputees who fall largely under this group, eventually get referred to expert facilitators after their surgery, in an attempt to find a suitable Prosthesis solution while keeping in check the overall cost and expenditure of the process. The prime goal here is to find the ideal replacement for the severed body part, one which ably connects with the emotional loss of the patient and physically proves to reliable for long time periods.
Vividly renown, Amputation is prompted after an onset of degenerative tissue ailment, that loses its ability to heal itself despite being on treatment for the longest days. One of the many banes that obstruct this healing capability of the body is a metabolic disease known as Diabetes Mellitus. The immune system finds itself incapable of restoring back the damaged tissue mainly due to the change in neurological elements of the nervous system. As the damaged tissue prolongs, the onset of a deadly cycle calls for a surgical solution hence dawning upon the doctors, Amputation as the last option.
Among the many types and forms of Amputation the most commonly noted one is the Below-The-Knee or BKA Amputation. Apart from metabolic diseases or growth of tumours it is to be noted that Below-The-Knee Amputation is also performed in most cases of accidents that may have caused the person to suffer from extreme cases of collateral damage to the body, in this case specifically to his foot. Commonly, the patient about to undergo Below-The-Knee Amputation is reasoned with a change in his perspective by the surgeon about the wronged destructive nature of the surgery and its positive aim at improving his overall condition.
Repelling the stigma of the surgery is what most surgeons and doctors aim at before entering the Operation Theater with the patient.
On the other side of the medical spectrum, various research organizations have been working hard to connect the seams of the lost story every amputee shares with his past, specific to the incident that made him embrace Amputation as the last resort. Below-The Knee amputees can now procure a plethora of prosthesis ranging from more sedentary ones to Full-Blown-High-Tech, Heavy Duty Machines. Although the gap between cost and functionality is still wider for the financially challenged, it must be noted that wider options ranging from basic primary functional providing Prosthesis are also readily available for many.
From a mechanical point of view, the Leg is a moving structure that does not have any points of fixation on its surface. Modern technologists have developed Vacuum Grip Systems to counter this natural anatomy of the leg in case of Below-The-Knee amputees as utmost attention is paid to the walking motion and safety standpoints while testing and attaching these Prosthetic systems.
While testing or demoing any of the Leg prosthesis systems safety and reliability are the two most major principles on which production models are made, keeping them in hindsight as the only major concern of an amputee.
It is to be noted that many of the available prosthesis are not just products of fact-based engineering but in practice the experiences, feedback and medical expertise of various amputees and surgeons, taken into consideration. Hence the development of Vacuum Grip Systems and internal mechanism’s that work in unison with each other, in facilitating and imitating the most precise natural muscle movement is truly a well thought and executed work of science.
The brief period of surgery and rehabilitation is adapting to the new Prosthetic. Every nerve in the severed area of the leg has a developed ability to remember the fine nuances of the missing muscle’s movement. The difference in weight between the attached Prosthetic and the missing part of the leg can be somewhat of a tough nut to crack for the amputee, but with time it can be achieved, garnering help during rehabilitation. Depending on the type of Prosthetic the person may choose to gauge its nature and adapt accordingly. Some prosthesis may prove to be easily adaptable for walking while running may still be not that fluent and easy. Ample rehabilitation period ensures that the user of the prosthesis gets well acquainted with it, knowing it inside out, simultaneously developing the confidence of having a foreign but very reliable extension of themselves.
Various core materials may also be a form factor in determining how the Prosthetic may score in terms of work reliability, for example, if the amputee is involved in extensive physical work than opting for a solid carbon fibre or titanium Prosthetic leg is a better choice. This choice may cost much more than the average Prosthetic but it may pay off, in the long run, keeping any exertion problems at bay.
The higher the amputee may go towing the price line and delving deeper into the advanced prosthesis, the more amount of advanced systems are found, including Artificial Intelligence Legs, Advanced Microprocessor Technology Knees and Synced Motors working in unison with each other.
A most recent example is when researchers successfully claimed to have established a connection between the nervous system, where healed nerve endings in the muscle and the electrical sensors in the Prosthetic Legs bring back the feel and touch making the transition from Amputation to rehabilitation much more fluent. This successful development has pushed aside the argument that Prosthetics feel like mere support systems and not an extension of one’s own self.